Peas thrive in relatively dry soil conditions and are susceptible to root rot in wet soils. Choose fields with well-drained, coarse-textured soils that are not prone to compaction or waterlogging. Under optimum soil moisture conditions, peas will use 12–15 inches of water.
Peas are more tolerant to salinity than dry beans but more sensitive than soybeans. Plant peas in soil with soluble salts < 1.7 mmho/ cm.
Residual herbicides that have re-cropping restrictions for peas the year following application include atrazine, clopyralid, flucarbazone, imazamethabenz and ethametsulfuron.