Dry beans are also commonly known as edible beans, field beans or common beans. Dry bean market classes are separated by seed size and colour. They include navy (white pea), pinto, cranberry, black, red kidney, white kidney, great northern, Dutch brown, pink, and small red. Pinto, navy and black beans are the most commonly grown market classes in Manitoba.
Dry beans are classified into one of four distinct growth habits, types I through IV, based on plant architecture. Types I and II are grown in Manitoba. Type I are an upright bush-type bean exhibiting determinate growth, where no further vegetative growth occurs after the onset of flowering. Type II have an upright growth habit with erect stem and branches. Type II beans exhibit indeterminate growth where the terminal bud continues vegetative growth after the plant has entered the reproductive phase.
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