Pulse crops can be planted under conventional, minimum till or zero till production systems with a wide range of seeding equipment including: double disc press drills, hoe drills, discers, row-crop planters, air drills and air seeders.
Lentils, peas, and chickpeas are cool season crops that can be seeded early. All are tolerant of light frosts (-4 to –6°C). Best yields and quality usually result from early seeding as soon as the top inch (2.5 cm) of the soil reaches 5°C, providing the soil is not excessively wet.
Dry bean is a warm season crop and has no frost tolerance. Best yields of dry bean usually arise from seeding later than other pulse crops, when frost risk is low and the soil temperature at seeding depth has reached a minimum of 12°C.
Soybeans are a long-season crop and require a warm growing season with an extended fall to reach maturity. To obtain best yields and high quality, seeding should take place in early spring, before June. Soybeans can tolerate moisture better than most other crops.
Lentils, peas and chickpeas prefer dry soil and weather conditions, and are generally planted in brown soil zones, where water can drain quickly. Dry beans and soybeans grow best in black soil zones, although dry beans will do better on land that drains quickly, as their moisture tolerance is not as high as soybeans. Pulse crops are harvested low to the ground so land without stones is strongly preferred.
In Manitoba, pea, lentil and chickpea acres are grown in the western part of the province. Dry bean acres are focused around south central Manitoba, namely Portage la Prairie, Carman, Morden, Winkler and Altona. Manitoba soybeans were first produced in the Red River Valley, but in recent years production has expanded to areas north and east of Winnipeg, west to Brandon and north to Dauphin.
For more information on growing pulses in Manitoba visit the MAFRI production sites here:
Soybean Cyst Nemetode – 5th edition
Your guide to managing SCN infested fields for increased yield and an increased bottom line is available at the MPGA office. We have received copies of the North Central Soybean Research Program (NCSRP) guide for our producers. The NCSRP is a partnership of 12 soybean checkoff organizations that work to improve soybean performance through cooperative research and education.
This publication was developed with you, the soybean grower, in mind. Included in these pages are the answers to frequently asked questions, along with recommendations based on decades of research on soybean management in SCN-infested fields.
This research has shown that soybeans can be produced profitably in spite of SCN. The first move is yours; to determine whether you have SCN infestations, then tailor a management strategy for your farm.
Click here to download a copy of the SCN management guide. Copies are also available by contacting the MPGA office at 745-6488.
Visit the NCSRP website here.